ToTop

ТОВАРЫ » Олимпийские бассейны » Олимпийские бассейны

Олимпийские бассейны

OLYMPIC POOLS
 
LENGTH
FR 2.1.1 Size of the pool is 50 meters. If touch panels of automatic official equipments are used in the beginning part or in addition to that in its rotation part, the pool should have length of 50 meters to be able to provide distance which is necessary between two panels.
 
FR 2.1.2 Width of the pool is 25 meters. If touch panels of automatic official equipments are used in the beginning part or in addition to that in its rotation part, the pool should have width of 25 meters to be able to provide distance which is necessary between two panels.
 
TOLERANCE OF SIZES
 
FR 2.2.1 Against the width of 50.0 meters, a tolerance of plus 0.03 meter in each lane minus 0.00 meter on both end walls at all points from 0.3 meter above to 0.8 meter below the surface of the water is allowed. These measurements should be certified by a surveyor or official and authorized staff. (Staff approved or appointed by the member in the country in which the pool is situated) Tolerances cannot be exceeded when touch panels are installed.
 
FR 2.2.2 Against the width of 25.0 meters, a tolerance of plus 0.03 meter in each lane minus 0.00 meter on both end walls at all points from 0.3 meter above to 0.8 meter below the surface of the water is allowed. These measurements should be certified by a surveyor or official and authorized staff. (Staff approved or appointed by the member in the country in which the pool is situated) Tolerances cannot be exceeded when touch panels are installed.
 
DEPTH
 
A minimum depth of 1.35 meters, extending from 1.0 meter to minimum six meters from the end wall, is required for pools with starting blocks. A minimum depth of 1.0 meter is required in other pool types.
 
WALLS
 
FR 2.4.1 End walls should be parallel and form right angles to the swimming lane and to the surface of the water, and should be constructed of solid material, with a non slip surface extending 0.8 meter below the water surface, so as to enable the competitor to touch and push off in turning without hazard.
 
FR 2.4.2 Rest ledges along the pool walls are permitted; they must be not less than 1.2 meters below the water surface, and may be 0.1 meter to 0.15 meter wide.
 
FR 2.4.3 Gutters may be placed on all four walls of the pool. If end wall gutters are installed, they must allow for attachment of touch panels to the required 0.3 meter above the water surface. They must be covered with a suitable grill or screen.
 
FR 2.5 Lanes should be minimum 2.5 meters wide, with two spaces of minimum 0.2 meter outside of the first and last lanes.
 
LANE ROPES
 
FR 2.6.1 Lane ropes should continue along the swimming direction and they should be fastened well to every end with irons in the end walls. Each lane rope should have diameter minimum of 0.15 meter and have also pantoon extending from sea to shining sea of the pool. There should not be more than one rope between each lane. It is also very important to fasten lane ropes tightly.
FR 2.6.2 Pool should have a color which can clearly and netly differentiate lines of 15 meters from other pantoons from each end wall.
FR 2.6.3 Pantoons of pools of 50 meters should have a different color which can differentiate lines of 25 meters from other pantoons.
FR 2.6.4 Indicators having soft structure of lane numbers can take place on lane ropes and starting and rotation parts of the pool.
 
STARTING PLATFORMS
 
Starting platforms should be firm and give no springing effect. The height of the platform above the water surface should be from 0.5 meter to 0.75 meter. The surface area should be minimum 0.5x0.5 meter and covered with non slip material. Maximum slope should not be more than 10 degrees. The starting platform may have an adjustable setting back plate. The platform should be constructed so as to permit the gripping of the platform by the swimmer in the forward start at the front and the sides; it is recommended that, if the thickness of the starting platform exceeds 0.04 meter, grips of minimum 0.1 meter width on each side and 0.4 meter width in the front be cut out to 0.03 meter from the surface of the platform. Handgrips for the forward start may be installed on the sides of the starting platforms. Handgrips for backstroke starts should be placed within 0.3 to 0.6 meter above the water surface both horizontally and vertically. They should be parallel to the surface of the end wall, and must not protrude beyond the end wall. The water depth from a distance of 1.0 to 6.0 meters from the end wall must be minimum 1.35 meters where starting platforms are installed. Electronic read-out boards may be installed under the blocks. Flashing is not allowed. Figures must not move during a Backstroke start.
 
NUMBERING
 
Every starting block should be numbered in a way to be seen clearly and netly from all around. Lane numbered one should take place on the right side while seeing swimming direction from the starting part. However; since competitions of 50 meters can start from the reverse direction, this rule becomes invalid in such competitions. Touch panels can be numbered from the top.
 
TURN INDICATORS
 
Ropes with flags extend from sea to shining sea of the pool should be placed on the top from minimum 1.8 to 2.5 meters at the most and to the distance of 5 meters from each end wall within framework of stable standards. Clear signs should be put in both sides of the pool and there should be 15.0 meters between each end wall and lane rope where possible.
 
WATER TEMPERATURE
 
Water temperature should be 25 and 28 centigrade degree. During competition, the water in the pool must be kept at a constant level, with no appreciable movement. In order to observe health regulations in force in most countries, inflow and outflow is permissible as long as no appreciable current or turbulence is created.
 
LIGHTING
 
The light intensity over starting platforms and turnings should not be less than 600 lux.
 
LANE MARKINGS
 
Lane markings should be of a dark contrasting color, placed on the floor of the pool in the center of each lane.
 
Width: Minimum 0.2 meter, maximum 0.3 meter
Length: 46.0 meters for 50 meters long pools; 21.0 meters for 25 meter long pools. Each lane line should end 2.0 meters from the end wall of the pool with a distinctive cross line 1.0 meter long and of the same width as the lane line. Target lines should be placed on the end walls or on the touch panels, in the centre of each lane, of the same width as the lane lines. They should extend without interruption from the deck edge, to the floor of the pool. A cross line 0.5 meter long should be placed 0.3 meter below the water surface, measured to the center point of the cross line.
 
BULKHEADS
When a bulkhead serves as an end wall, it must extend the full width of the lane and present a solid smooth, non-slippery stable vertical surface on which touch pads may be mounted extending not less than 0.8 meter below and 0.3 meter above the surface of the water, and must be free of hazardous openings above or below the waterline which may be penetrated by a swimmer’s hands, feet, toes or fingers. Bulkheads must be of a design that provides for the free movement of officials during competition without creating any wave or water turbulence..
 
SWIMMING POOLS FOR OLYMPICS AND WORLD CHAMPIONS
 
Length: Automatic officiating equipments should have length of 50.0 meters among touch panels apart from World Short Championships. Length between automatic officiating equipments in the starting part, touch panels and starting walls and touch panels in turnings should be 25.0 meters.
 FR 3.1 Dimensional tolerances in FR 2.2.1
 FR 3.2 Width: 25.0 meters for Olympics World Championships
 FR 3.3 Depth: Minimum 2.0 meter
 FR 3.4 Walls: Same in FR 2.4.1
 FR 3.5 Gullets: Same in FR 2.4.3
 FR 3.6 Lane numbers: 8
 FR 3.7 Lanes have width of 2.5 meters and there is a gap of 2.5 meters between first and eighth lane. There must be a rope differentiating these gaps from the first and eighth lane. (Relatively for Olympics and World Championships)
 FR 3.8 Lane ropes: Same in FR 2.6
 FR 3.9 Starting platforms: Same in FR 2.7. There should be wrong start control equipments.
 FR 3.10 Numbering: Same in FR 2.8
 FR 3.11 Turn indicators: Same in FR 2.9
 FR 3.12 Wrong start rope: Same in FR 2.10
 FR 3.13 Water temperature: Same in FR 2.11
 FR 3.14 Lighting: The light intensity over all the pool should not be less than 1500 lux.
 FR 3.15 Lane indicators: Same in FR 2.13. Focal point distances of each lane must be 2,5 meters.
 FR 3.16 If swimming pool and diving section are in the same area, distance differentiating both pools should be minimum 5.0 meters.
 
STARTING DEVICES
 
FR 4.3.1 The starter should have a microphone for oral commands.
FR 4.3.2 If a pistol is used, it should be used with a transducer.
FR 4.3.3 Both the microphone and the transducer should be connected to loudspeakers at each starting block where both the starter`s commands and the starting signal can be heard simultaneously (equally by each swimmer).
FR 4.4.4 Markings: The markings on the panels should conform with and superimpose on the existing markings of the pool. The perimeter and edges of the panels should be defined by a 0.025 meter black border.
FR 4.4.5 Safety: The panels should be safe from the possibility of electrical shock and should not have sharp edges.
FR 4.5 With semi-automatic equipments, the finish should be recorded by buttons pushed by timekeepers at the finish touch of the swimmer.
FR 4.6 The followings constitute elements essential for automatic equipment:
FR 4.6.1 Printout of all information which is obtained during competition.
FR 4.6.2 Scor board for spectators.
FR 4.6.3 Relay take-off is considered as 1/100 of a second. Where overhead video cameras are installed, they are a part of automatic system.
FR 4.7.2 There must be a ventilation and air conditioner system. Dimensions of this control center are 6.0 x 3.0 meter and should be installed to the distance between 3.0 meter and 5.0 meter from the end wall. During competition, it should be paid attention not to prevent end wall view. Safety of control center must be also provided at other times.
FR 4.7.3 Videotape time measurement system
FR 4.8 Semi-automatic equipments can be used to support automatic officiating equipments in FINA. These equipments are used for big competitions in which finish officials are not necessary, there are three buttons for each lane and each of them is operated to different officer. Person controlling turnings make one of the buttons functional.
 
AUTOMATIC OFFICIATING EQUIPMENTS
FR 4.1 Automatic and Semi-Automatic Officiating Equipment records the elapse time of each swimmer and determines the relative place in a race. Judging and timing is 1/100 of a second. These equipments should not interfere with the swimmers` start movements, turns, and also the system.
FR 4.2 The equipment must:
 FR 4.2.1 Be activated by the starter.
 FR 4.2.2 Have no cable on the pool deck, if possible.
 FR 4.2.3 Be able to display all information belonging to each lane.
 FR 4.2.4 Provide easy digital reading of a swimmer`s time.
Фотогалерея